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Section 1205.04    District 1: Suburban Residential Neighborhood

  1. Purpose
    District 1 is established to preserve and protect an existing community character
    typified by single-family detached residential housing developed at densities varying
    from 1 dwelling unit per one-half acre to 1 dwelling unit per 2.5 acres. The district is
    relatively more rural in density given its distance from the Village Core. The amount
    of prior development has left few environmental constraints on additional
    development; on the other hand, there remain few potential development areas.
    District regulations are intended to continue the predominant single-family detached
    use, while providing for additional parks and open space, supporting institutional
    uses (such as churches and schools), and public service uses. Densities will mirror
    existing densities and character, and be permitted up to a maximum of 2 dwelling
    units per acre. Protection of remaining sensitive environmental areas will also be a
    high priority.

  2. Uses By-Right
    The following uses shall be permitted by right in District 1 subject to meeting all
    applicable requirements set forth in this section and this Code.
    1. Residential:
      1. Family day care homes, small (1-6 children).
      2. Residential group homes for up to five handicapped or elderly people.
      3. Single-family, detached.

    2. Agricultural:
      1. General agricultural operations on parcels of more than four (4) acres
        and do not involve the keeping of farm animals.

    3. Planned Developments:
      1. Residential planned developments, subject to standards and
        procedures set forth in Sections 1203.04 and 1204.02 of this Code.

    4. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Public park or recreation areas, including multipurpose trails.
      2. Public recreational facilities, indoor or outdoor, provided they are no
        greater than 10,000 square feet in gross floor area.
      3. Essential public utility and public service installations, including bus
        shelters and bus stops, but not including water towers, power
        generating stations, transfer stations, or outdoor storage.

    5. Accessory Uses: See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  3. Conditional Uses
    The following uses shall be conditionally permitted in District 1 subject to meeting
    all applicable requirements set forth in this section and in Section 1206.02,
    "Conditional Uses."
    1. Residential
      1. Model Homes.
      2. Open Space Conservation Subdivisions.
      3. Residential group homes for the handicapped or elderly
        (from 6 to 8 people).
      4. Single-family, attached.
      5. Townhomes.

    2. Agricultural:
      1. General agricultural operations.

    3. Commercial/Retail:
      1. Bed and breakfast inn.
      2. Golf courses, private.
      3. Private-membership recreational facilities or clubs.

    4. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Cemeteries.
      2. Golf courses, public.
      3. Places of religious worship, including churches and synagogues
        Religious schools and day care centers may be permitted as accessory
        uses within the same structure as the principal conditional use.
      4. Public recreational facilities, indoor or outdoor, greater than 10,000
        square feet in gross floor area.
      5. Public safety and emergency services, including police or fire stations
        and emergency medical services, provided the size of the building
        housing the facility or service shall not exceed 10,000 square feet.
      6. Schools, public or private -- preschool, elementary, secondary, or postsecondary.

    5. Accessory Uses:
      1. Oil and Gas Exploration and Extraction of lots of at least 20 acres in
        size under single ownership.
      2. Shared driveways for dwellings.
      3. See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  4. Property Development/Design Standards
    In addition to compliance with all applicable standards set forth in Chapter 1207,
    "Zoning Development and Site Plan Standards," development in District 1 shall
    comply with the following development/design standards (all standards are
    minimums unless otherwise noted):
    1. Maximum Net Density: 2 dwelling units per acre.

    2. Open Space: In addition to compliance with the standards and requirements
      governing open space set forth in Section 1207.05 of this Code,
      developments in District 1 shall set aside a minimum of 25% of the gross
      land area for private open space.

    3. Minimum Lot Size:
      1. Residential Uses on Lots Fronting an Arterial: One (1) acre.
      2. All Other Residential Uses: 20,000 square feet, except that the
        minimum lot size may be reduced to a minimum of 6,000 square feet
        if open space conservation subdivision lots are developed pursuant to
        the requirements set forth in Section 1207.06 of this Code.
      3. Non-Residential Uses: 1.5 acres.

    4. Minimum Lot Width:
      1. Lots Fronting an Arterial: 200 feet.
      2. All Other Lots: 100 feet.

    5. Setbacks: Unless modified pursuant to Section 1203.08, "Minor
      Modifications," or unless developed as lots subject to the yard setback
      requirements in Section 1207.06, "Open Space Conservation Subdivision,"
      yard setbacks in District 1 shall be:
      1. Minimum Front Yard Setbacks:
        1. Non-Residential Uses: 100 feet
        2. Residential Uses: 50 feet, provided that averaging shall be
          required for residential uses as follows: Except for new
          residential development on lots fronting arterial roads, the
          front setback shall not differ by more than ten (10) percent
          from the average of the front yard setbacks existing on the
          two properties immediately adjoining the subject property,
          unless approved by the Architectural and Historic Board of
          Review. If one or more of the adjoining properties is vacant,
          the front yard setback shall be 50 feet.
        3. All Uses on Lots Fronting Arterial Roads: 100 feet, of which
          the front 50 feet shall comprise a bufferyard that shall be
          landscaped pursuant to Section 1207.04(k).
      2. Front Yard SetbacksCLots Fronting Arterial Roads: 100 feet, of
        which the front 50 feet shall comprise a bufferyard that shall be
        landscaped pursuant to Section 1207.04(k) .
      3. Side Yard Setbacks:
        1. Principal residential structures: 15 feet.
        2. Principal non-residential structures: 30 feet.
        3. Side-facing attached garage: 25 feet.
        4. All other accessory structures: 15 feet.
        5. Corner Lots: 50 feet for street side not designated as "front".
      4. Rear Yard Setbacks:
        1. Principal Structure: 50 feet.
        2. Accessory Garage: 15 feet.
        3. Other Accessory Structure: 15 feet.
      5. Arterial Setbacks: See arterial setback and landscaping requirements
        in Section 1207.04(l), "Landscaping/Buffering."

    6. Maximum Structure Height: 35 feet.

    7. Building Siting and Orientation.
      The following building siting and orientation requirements shall apply to new
      development in District 1, except for new development with a front yard
      depth of 130 feet or more:
      1. Principal Residential Structures.
        1. The main entrance to the residence shall face the street.
        2. The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the
          street extended through the approximate center of the main
          mass, if the street is curved..
      2. Principal Residential Structures on Corner Lots.
        1. In general, the structure shall face one of the streets and not
          the corner.
        2. One side of the structure shall be designated the "front" and
          shall be subject to the requirements set forth in paragraph (A)
          above.
      3. Private Garages.
        1. Doors of attached garages shall not face the street.
        2. Detached garages shall be located only in the rear yard.
        3. New development of a principal single family detached
          dwelling shall provide space for the storage of at least two
          cars within an enclosed garage.
      4. Non-Residential Development.
        1. The main entrance to the principal structure shall face the
          street.
        2. The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the street
          extended through the approximate center of the main mass, if
          the street is curved.
        3. The main body of the principal structure shall be closest to
          the street.
        4. An accessory garage shall be sited so that its door is not
          visible from the primary direction of approach.

    8. Bufferyard Requirements for Lots Abutting a Historic Landmark. New
      development on lots that abut a historic landmark shall establish a bufferyard
      equivalent to or greater than "Bufferyard C" as set forth in Section
      1207.04(g) of this Code. The bufferyard shall be established on the boundary
      that abuts the historic landmark.

    9. Driveway Curb Cuts.
      1. Lot widths of 150 feet or less: No more than 1 driveway curb cut per
        lot.
      2. Lot widths of more than 150 feet: No more than 2 driveway curb cuts
        per lot.
      3. See Section 1207.13(c)(5) regarding limits on curb cuts to arterial and
        collector roads.

    10. Location of Parking. In addition to the off-street parking requirements set
      forth in Section 1207.12 of this Code, off-street parking shall be located to
      the side or rear of the principal building.

    11. Pedestrian/Bicycle Pathways and Linkages:
      1. Provision shall be made in the design of all developments for nonvehicular
        circulation systems, including but not limited to sidewalks,
        pathways, and bikeways.
      2. Any amount of land set aside for trails in a development shall be
        credited toward either the public or private open space requirements
        set forth in this section and in Section 1207.05 of this Code.
      3. Sidewalks shall be provided on both sides of all streets in District 1,
        shall run parallel to the street within the right-of-way, and shall be
        separated from the curb by a planting strip of at least seven (7) feet in
        width.
      4. To the maximum extent feasible, provision shall be made in the
        design of developments for interconnections with existing or planned
        streets and pedestrian or bikeway systems on adjoining properties,
        unless the City determines that such interconnections would have
        adverse impacts on open spaces, wetlands, sensitive environmental
        areas, or other significant natural areas.

    12. Architecture and Design Standards:
      See architectural design guidelines located in Appendix D.