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Section 1205.08    District 5: Village Core District

  1. Purpose
    This District is intended to preserve and protect the Village Core, which is the
    historic and commercial center of the City of Hudson. This District contains portions
    of Hudson's Historic District, and all new development in this District shall be
    consistent with the Historic Core Plan as set forth in the Comprehensive Plan. While
    a wide range of uses currently exists within the District, including several nonconforming
    industrial and office uses, the regulations contained in this District are
    intended to encourage a predominance of compact and pedestrian-scale retail,
    service, and office uses in the Village Core. The visual focus of the Village Core is
    the Village Green and Village Green Extension, and all uses located on streets
    adjacent to the Village Green or Village Green Extension shall be required to face
    these open spaces. New commercial and retail development will be required to
    reflect the overall appearance, form, pattern, and design of the Historic District.

    To the maximum extent feasible, new development in the district will be required to
    preserve and protect the scenic and natural landscape qualities, as well as the
    drainage and flood control functions, of Brandywine Creek. Regional and local
    traffic congestion at the intersection of Routes 91 and 303 has hampered accessibility
    into and out of the Village Core; accordingly, alternate access routes will be
    encouraged in this District, including pedestrian ways and bikeways, and new
    development will be required to submit proposed parking programs, access plans,
    and traffic impact studies for review.

  2. Uses By-Right
    Subject to the restrictions in (d)(4) of this section:
    1. Residential:
      1. Duplexes.
      2. Dwelling units stacked above or mixed with offices or other
        commercial space.
      3. Family day care homes, small (1-6 children).
      4. Residential group homes for up to 5 handicapped or elderly people.
      5. Single-family, detached.
      6. Single-family, attached.
      7. Townhomes

    2. Commercial/Retail:
      1. Artisan studios, photography shops and studios, and art galleries.
      2. Assembly and meeting halls, provided that such use on the ground
        floor of a structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor
        area.
      3. Automated teller machines (ATMs).
      4. Banks or other financial institutions, except drive-through bank teller
        or ATM facilities, provided that such use located on the ground floor
        of a structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      5. Bars/taverns, provided that such use located on the ground floor of a
        structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      6. Bed and breakfast inns.
      7. Medical clinics, provided that any clinic use located on the ground
        floor of a structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor
        area.
      8. Offices, business or professional, provided that any office use located
        on the ground floor of a structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet
        of gross floor area.
      9. Parking lot as a principal use.
      10. Recording, radio, or television studios, provided that any such use
        shall not exceed 2,500 square feet of gross floor area.
      11. Restaurants, except drive-through restaurants, provided that such use
        located on the ground floor of a structure shall not exceed 5,000
        square feet of gross floor area.
      12. Retail uses, provided that any retail use located on the ground floor of
        a structure shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      13. Services, personal, business, or repair, except for vehicle repair,
        provided that any such use located on the ground floor of a structure
        shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area.

    3. Planned Developments:
      1. Commercial planned developments, subject to the standards and
        procedures set forth in Sections 1203.04 and 1204.02 of this Code.
      2. Mixed-use planned developments, subject to the standards and
        procedures set forth in Sections 1203.04 and 1204.02 of this Code.

    4. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Government facilities, administrative offices, and services, including
        but not limited to city or county offices, provided that the facility or
        service shall not exceed 5,000 square feet in gross floor area.
      2. Public, non-profit, or private cultural facilities including but not
        limited to libraries and museums.
      3. Public park or recreation areas, including multipurpose trails.
      4. Public recreational facilities, indoor or outdoor.
      5. Essential public utility and public services installations, including bus
        shelters and bus stops, but not including water towers, power
        generating stations, transfer stations, or outdoor storage.

    5. Accessory Uses: See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  3. Conditional Uses
    The following uses shall be conditionally permitted in District 5 subject to meeting
    all applicable requirements set forth in (d) of this section, including the locational
    restriction of (d)(4) and Section 1206.02, "Conditional Uses.":
    1. Residential:
      1. Assisted living.
      2. Model homes.
      3. Multi-family.

    2. Commercial/Retail:
      1. Automobile service stations.
      2. Banks, or other financial institutions, with drive-through teller or
        ATM facilities, provided that when such use is located on the ground
        floor of the structure it shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross
        floor area.
      3. Bars/taverns located within 200 feet of a residential use.
      4. Convenience stores and specialty grocery stores.
      5. Entertainment and indoor amusement facilities.
      6. Funeral homes.
      7. Lodging.
      8. Liquor stores.
      9. Offices, business or professional, located on the ground floor of a
        structure with a building footprint greater than 5,000 square feet, but
        less than 10,000 square feet of gross floor area.
      10. Recreational or sports training facilities, commercial.
      11. Restaurants located within 200 feet of a residential use, but not
        including drive-through restaurants.
      12. Retail and restaurant uses with a building footprint greater than 5,000
        square feet, but less than 10,000 square feet or provided that the use
        is part of a Planned Development and subject to a Development
        Agreement, and provided that any structure must be broken up into
        storefront modules not exceeding thirty (30) feet in width. Each
        module shall have a prominent entry, display windows, and other
        architectural features to distinguish it from adjacent modules.
      13. Retail uses with outdoor sales or storage.
      14. Veterinary facility, small animal clinic (allow overnight, indoor
        boarding).
      15. Parking structure as a principal use.

    3. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Cemeteries.
      2. Convention or conference centers.
      3. Government facilities, administrative offices, and services, including
        but not limited to city/county offices, post office, or similar uses, that
        exceeds 5,000 square feet in ground floor gross floor area.
      4. Places of religious worship, including churches and synagogues.
        Religious schools and day care centers may be permitted as accessory
        uses within the same structure as the principal conditional use.
      5. Public Safety and Emergency Services.
      6. Schools, public or private -- preschool, elementary, secondary, or postsecondary.
      7. Transportation facilities without repairs (bus terminal, train depot,
        etc.)

    4. Accessory Uses: See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  4. Property Development/Design Standards
    In addition to compliance with all applicable standards set forth in Chapter 1207,
    "Zoning Development and Site Plan Standards," development in District 5 shall
    comply with all of the following development/design standards (all standards are
    minimums unless otherwise noted):
    1. Maximum Net Density:
      1. Single-family detached: 8 dwelling units per acre.
      2. Single-family attached: 8 dwelling units per acre.
      3. Duplex: 12 dwelling units per acre.
      4. Townhomes: 20 dwellings units per acre.
      5. Multi-family: 30 dwelling units per acre.

    2. Open Space: All residential developments of less than 10 dwelling units are
      exempt from this Code's public open space dedication and in-lieu
      requirements.

    3. Mix of Uses:
      Mixed-use developments shall be strongly encouraged in District 5, subject
      to the following standards:
      1. More than one principal commercial/retail use permitted by-right or
        conditionally in District 5 may be developed or established together
        on a single lot or site, or within a single structure, provided all
        applicable requirements set forth in this section and Code and all
        other applicable ordinances are met.
      2. Any combination of residential and commercial/retail uses that are
        permitted by-right or conditionally in District 5 may be developed or
        established together on a single lot or site, or within a single
        structure, provided all applicable requirements set forth in this section
        and Code, and all other applicable ordinances, are met. For example,
        a two-story structure on a single lot in the Village Core may have a
        restaurant or retail store on the ground floor, and residential
        apartments or condominiums on the second floor.

    4. Locational Restrictions on Permitted UsesCMain Street.
      On the west side of Main Street in District 5, extending from Park Lane on
      the south to Owen Brown Street on the north, all Main Street floor level uses
      shall be limited to restaurants, bars/taverns, retail trade or personal service
      establishments less than 5,000 square feet in gross floor area. No new
      business or professional offices, business service establishments, banks or
      financial institutions, or ATMs shall be allowed or established on the Main
      Street floor level of existing or new structures located on the portion of Main
      Street specified in this provision. Any Planned Development to the west of
      Main Street within the area bounded by Clinton Street, Morse Road and State
      Route 303 must limit ground floor non-public uses to permitted uses by right
      or conditionally as Commercial and Retail Uses referred to in (b)(2)and
      (c)(2) above, but shall not include (b)(2)(G), (b)(2)(H), business service
      establishments of (b)(2)(M), or (c)(2)(A), (c)(2)(F), (c)(2)(I), and (c)(2)(N).

    5. Minimum Lot Width:
      1. Single-Family Detached: 50 feet.
      2. Single-Family Attached: 48 feet.
      3. Townhomes: 24 feet.
      4. Multi-Family Uses: 100 feet.
      5. Non-Residential Uses: Not Applicable.
      6. Lots Abutting Railroad Right-of-Way: In order to enable an increase
        in the rear yard setback and allow room for a landscaped buffer
        between the dwelling and the railroad right-of-way when a lot abuts
        and backs onto a railroad right-of-way, the minimum lot width may
        be reduced by not more than ten (10) percent provided the lot depth is
        at least two-hundred, fifty (250) feet.

    6. Maximum Number of Dwelling Units per Structure:
      1. Single Family Attached: 4 dwelling units
      2. Townhomes: 4 dwelling units.
      3. Multi-Family: 12 dwelling units.

    7. Setbacks: Unless modified pursuant to Section 1203.08, "Minor
      Modifications," the yard setbacks in District 5 shall be:
      1. Minimum Front Yard Setback:
        1. (i) Residential Uses: 20 feet.
        2. (ii) Non-Residential Uses: A minimum of 75% of the front wall
          of commercial/retail buildings shall be built to the edge of the
          front sidewalk or front property line (minimum and maximum
          front yard/setback = 0 feet).
        3. (iii) Averaging May be Required for Setbacks: When the two
          immediately adjoining properties contain existing
          development, then the front setback shall not differ by more
          than ten (10) percent from the front yard setbacks existing on
          either one of the two properties immediately adjoining the
          subject property.
      2. Minimum Rear Yard Setback:
        1. (i) Residential-Principal Structure: 25 feet.
        2. (ii) Residential-Accessory Structure: 5 feet.
        3. (iii) Non-Residential: 10 feet, except that when the rear yard
          abuts a residential use, the rear yard setback shall be
          increased to 20 feet from the property line.
      3. Minimum Side Yard Setback:
        1. (i) Single-Family Uses: 8 feet.
        2. (ii) Duplexes: 10 feet.
        3. (iii) Multi-Family Uses: 10 feet.
        4. (iv) Side-Facing Attached Garage: 25 feet.
        5. (v) Other Accessory Structures: 5 feet.
        6. (vi) Non-Residential: 0 feet provided that adequate access is
          available at the rear of the use via an alley or other means of
          ingress for emergency and service vehicles. Except that when
          adjacent to the residential use shall be at least 15 feet from the
          property line.

    8. Maximum Building Coverage:
      1. Commercial/Retail Uses: The amount of impervious coverage shall
        be no more than 80% of the total gross lot area unless covered under
        the provisions of a Planned Development and Development
        Agreement.
      2. Single-Family Attached, Townhome, and Multi-Family Residential
        Uses: The amount of impervious coverage shall be no more than
        75% of the total gross lot area.

    9. Maximum Structure Height:
      1. Single-Family Detached, Attached, Duplexes, Townhomes: 35 feet.
      2. Multi-Family Residential Uses: 40 feet.
      3. Commercial/Retail and Other Non-Residential Uses: 45 feet, except
        that no facade or portion of a building shall exceed a height such that
        it would be visible above the height of existing facades of buildings
        fronting on Main Street when viewed from the Village Green.

    10. Distance Between Residential Buildings: Structures containing either singlefamily-
      attached, townhomes, or multi-family dwelling units shall be
      separated from each other by a minimum of twenty (20) feet at their closest
      points.

    11. Building Siting and Orientation:
      The following building siting and orientation requirements shall apply to new
      development in District 5:
      1. Principal Residential StructuresCSingle-Family Detached &
        Duplexes.
        1. (i) The main entrance(s) to the residence shall face the street.
        2. (ii) The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the
          street extended through the approximate center of the main
          mass, if the street is curved.
      2. Principal Residential StructuresCSingle-Family Attached,
        Townhomes, & Multi-Family.
        1. (i) The entrance to at least one dwelling unit within each
          building shall face the street. (See Figure 6.)
        2. (ii) The front wall of the principal structure, or the front wall of at
          least one principal structure in a multi-building development,
          shall be parallel to the street or perpendicular to a radius of
          the curve of the street extended through the approximate
          center of the main mass, if the street is curved.
      3. Principal Residential Structures on Corner Lots.
        1. (i) In general, the structure shall face one of the streets and not
          the corner.
        2. (ii) One side of the structure shall be designated the Afront@ and
          shall be subject to the requirements set forth in paragraph (A)
          or (B) above and requirements regarding private walks and
          entryways set forth below in subsection 14.
      4. Private Garages:
        1. (i) Doors of attached garages shall not face the street.
        2. (ii) An attached garage shall be sited so that its door is not visible
          from the primary direction of approach.
        3. (iii) Detached garages shall be located in the rear yard.
      5. Non-Residential Development:
        1. (i) Commercial/retail buildings shall maintain a continuous wall
          plane at the front property line. Architectural features, such
          as bay windows, may project beyond this plane no more than
          30 inches at a minimum height of 12 feet above the sidewalk.
        2. (ii) The main entrance to the principal structure shall face the
          street.
        3. (iii) The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the
          street extended through the approximate center of the main
          mass, if the street is curved.

    12. Architecture and Design Standards:
      See Architectural Design Guidelines located in Appendix D.

    13. Bufferyard Requirements for Lots Abutting a Historic Landmark: New
      development on lots that abut a historic landmark shall establish a bufferyard
      equivalent to or greater than "Bufferyard C" as set forth in Section
      1207.04(g) of this Code. The bufferyard shall be established on the boundary
      that abuts the historic landmark.

    14. Private Walkway Entrances: All new residential development shall connect
      the front entrance of the principal structure to the sidewalk with a private
      connecting walkway surfaced with either concrete, brick, or stone.

    15. Driveway Curb Cuts:
      1. Townhomes and Duplexes: No more than 1 driveway curb cut per
        lot.
      2. Single-Family Attached and Multi-Family: No more than 2 driveway
        curb cuts per development site.Non-Residential Uses: No more than 1
        driveway curb cut per lot, except that when the lot is wider than 150
        feet then no more than 2 driveway curb cuts per lot.
      3. See Section 1207.13(c)(5) regarding limits on curb cuts to arterial and
        collector roads.

    16. Environmental Standards:
      See Section 1205.13, "Floodplain/Floodway Overlay District."

    17. Street Connections and Design:
      1. State Route 91 and State Route 303: State Route 91 and State Route
        303 within District 5 shall not be widened with additional through
        lanes, nor shall angled parking be eliminated on the west side of
        Route 91, north of Route 303.

    18. Location of Parking:
      In addition to the standards for off-street parking set forth in Section 1207.12
      of this Code, the following restrictions shall apply in District 5 to new
      development:
      1. Location and AccessCResidential Uses:
        1. (i) Off-street parking shall not be located in a principal
          building's front yard setback area..
        2. (ii) Off-street parking shall be located at the rear of a principal
          building on the interior of the lot and shall be accessed by
          means of shared driveways, preferably from side streets or
          alleys.
        3. (iii) Driveways may be located in the rear yard setback area.
      2. Location and AccessCNon-Residential Uses:
        1. (i) No more than ten (10) percent of off-street parking shall be
          located in front of a principal building.
        2. (ii) All other off-street parking shall be located at the rear of a
          building on the interior of the lot and shall be accessed by
          means of shared driveways, preferably from side streets or
          alleys.
        3. (iii) Driveways may be located in the rear yard setback area.
      3. Non-Residential Uses–Shared Parking: Parking lots shall be
        interconnected with non-residential parking lots on adjacent
        properties to the maximum extent feasible. As per Section
        1207.12(h), "Joint or Collective Parking Facilities," cross-access
        easements or other acceptable agreements for adjacent lots with
        interconnected parking lots shall be submitted in language acceptable
        to the city's solicitor and PC to ensure availability of shared parking
        to users.

    19. Pedestrian Amenities:
      1. Sidewalks:
        1. (i) Sidewalks at least five (5) feet wide shall be provided on all
          sides of a lot that abut a public street, way, or open space.
        2. (ii) Sidewalks at least five (5) feet wide shall be provided along
          the full length of a building facade that features a customer
          entrance and along any building facade abutting a public
          parking area.
        3. (iii) All internal pedestrian walkways shall be designed to be
          visually attractive and distinguishable from driving surfaces
          through use of durable, low-maintenance surface materials
          such as pavers, brick, or scored concrete to enhance
          pedestrian safety and comfort.
      2. Linkages: To the maximum extent feasible, provision shall be made
        in the design of developments for connections with existing or future
        pedestrian systems on adjoining properties, including but not limited
        to connections to existing or future sidewalks, bikeways, walkways,
        and any existing or planned trail systems along Brandywine Creek.