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Section 1207.14    Exterior Lighting

  1. Purpose
    The intent of this section is to focus on the actual physical effects of lighting, as well
    as the effect that lighting may have on the surrounding neighborhood. Exterior
    lighting shall be evaluated in the development review process to ensure that the
    functional and security needs of the project are met in a way that does not adversely
    affect the adjacent properties or neighborhood. The degree to which exterior night
    lighting affects a property owner or neighborhood will be examined considering the
    light source, level of illumination, hours of illumination, and need for illumination in
    relation to the effects of the lighting on adjacent property owners and the
    neighborhood.

  2. Applicability
    1. All residential development consisting of 5 or more lots or units and all
      nonresidential development shall submit for approval a proposed exterior
      lighting plan that meets the functional security needs of the proposed land use
      without adversely affecting adjacent properties or the community.

    2. All residential development consisting of less than 5 lots or units shall comply
      with the standards set forth in this section, but shall not be required to submit
      a proposed exterior lighting plan for approval.

    3. Non-residential development of less than 5,000 square ft of gross floor area
      and parking lots or parking lot expansions of less than 25% or 20 parking
      spaces whichever is less, is exempt from the lighting levels of Table
      1207.14(c) provided each light fixture has a maximum 100 watts for pole
      heights of 16 ft or less and a maximum 250 watts for pole heights of 16 - 25 ft.

    4. Unless otherwise expressly exempted, public street lighting installed by the
      City of Hudson shall comply with the standards set forth in this section.
      However, proposals to install public street lighting shall not be required to
      submit a proposed exterior lighting plan for approval.

    5. Exemption for Outdoor Recreational Uses:
      1. Because of their unique requirements for nighttime visibility and their
        limited hours of operation, ball diamonds, playing fields, tennis courts,
        and other similar outdoor public and commercial recreational uses are
        exempt from the exterior lighting standards set forth in this section
        and shall only be required to meet the following standards set forth in
        this subsection (b).
      2. Limits on cutoff angle: Lighting fixtures shall be mounted and aimed
        so that their beams fall within the primary playing area and immediate
        surroundings, and so that no direct illumination is directed offsite.
        The aiming angle of the light source that illuminates an outdoor
        recreational use is not to exceed 62E from vertical. Luminaries shall
        use internal louvers and/or exterior shields as necessary to help
        minimize glare.
      3. Maximum permitted illumination at the property line: 0.1 footcandles.
      4. Limits on Hours of Illumination: Exterior lighting for an outdoor
        recreational use shall be extinguished no later than 11:00 p.m.

  3. Lighting Levels
    1. With the exception of lighting for public streets, all other lighting used to
      illuminate buildings, parking lots, walkways, or the landscape, shall be
      evaluated during the site plan review process. The following
      "Area/Activity Lighting Criteria" chart gives the lighting criteria to be met
      for outdoor facilities used at night.


    2. All other illuminance shall not exceed the Lighting Handbook (Illumination
      Engineering Society (IES) 1987, as amended) recommendations; and

    3. The amount of nuisance glare (light trespass) projected onto a residential use
      from another property shall not exceed 0.1 vertical footcandles at the property
      line.

  4. Design Standards
    All exterior lighting, including public street lighting as applicable, shall meet the
    following design standards:
    1. No flickering or flashing lights shall be permitted, except for temporary
      holiday decorations.

    2. Background spaces like parking lots shall be illuminated as unobtrusively as
      possible to meet the functional needs of safe circulation and protection of
      people and property. Foreground spaces, such as building entrances and
      outside seating areas, shall utilize local lighting that defines the space without
      glare. All lighting installations must comply with the Area/Activity Lighting
      Criteria published in Subsection (c) of the Exterior Lighting Code unless
      specifically approved by the Planning Commission.

    3. Glare shall be controlled at all times through proper equipment selection,
      careful aiming, and limits on brightness as per IESNA recommendations:
      1. Full cutoff, cutoff, or semi-cutoff light fixtures shall direct light
        toward the ground as per IESNA classifications. The light source
        shall not be visible from the property line.
      2. Noncutoff light fixtures shall limit the maximum initial lumens
      3. Building facade lighting shall be located, aimed and shielded to direct
        light only onto the building facade.

    4. The style of light standards and fixtures shall be consistent with the style and
      character of architecture proposed on the site.

    5. All outdoor light not necessary for security purposes shall be reduced,
      activated by motion sensors devices, or turned off during non-operating hours.

    6. Light fixtures used to illuminate flags, statues, or any other objects mounted
      on a pole, pedestal, or platform shall use a narrow cone beam or light that will
      not extend beyond the illuminated object.

    7. For upward-directed architectural, landscape, and decorative lighting, direct
      light emissions shall not be visible above the building line roof.

    8. All light sources must have a minimum color rendering index (CRI) of 22.

  5. Height Standards for Lighting
    1. In Zone Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, and 10, light fixtures shall be mounted on concrete
      or painted metal poles no higher than 16 feet.

    2. In Zone Districts 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, light fixtures shall be mounted on concrete
      or painted metal poles no higher than 25 feet.