Land Development Code :: Back to Table of Contents

Section 1207.17    Signs

  1. Purpose
    The purpose of this Section is to promote the public health, safety and welfare through the
    provision of standards for existing and proposed signs of all types. More specifically, this
    Section is intended to:
    1. Enhance and protect the physical appearance of the community.

    2. Promote and maintain visually attractive, residential, retail, commercial and
      industrial districts.

    3. Ensure that signs are located and designed to reduce sign distraction and confusion
      that may be contributing factors in traffic congestion and accidents, and maintain a
      safe and orderly pedestrian and vehicular environment.

    4. Provide review procedures that enable the City to comprehensively evaluate the
      appropriateness of a sign to the site, building and surroundings.

    5. Prohibit all signs not expressly permitted by this Section.

  2. Application of Sign Regulations
    1. The regulations contained in this Section shall apply to signs outside of the public
      right-of-way, except when specifically stated otherwise.

    2. A sign may only be erected, established, painted, created or maintained in Hudson
      in conformance with the standards, procedures, exemptions and other requirements
      of this Section.

    3. In addition to the regulations contained in this Section, all permanent signs shall
      comply with the sign design guidelines set forth in the Architectural and Design
      Standards.

    4. Architectural Features. Architectural features that are either part of the building or
      part of a freestanding structure are not considered signs and are thus exempt from
      these regulations. Architectural features include:
      1. Any construction attending to, but not an integral part of the sign, and
        which may consist of landscape or building or structural forms that
        enhance the site in general.

      2. Graphic stripes and other architectural painting techniques applied to a
        structure that serves a functional purpose or to a building when the stripes
        or other painting technique do not include lettering, logos or pictures.

  3. Computations and Rules of Measurement
    The following regulations shall control the computation and measurement of sign area, sign
    height, window area and building frontage:
    1. Determining Sign Area or Dimension.
      1. Sign area shall include the face of all the display area of the sign. Sign
        area shall not include the frame and structural support unless such
        structural support is determined to constitute an integral part of the sign
        design.

      2. For a sign that is framed, outlined, painted or otherwise prepared and
        intended to provide a background for a sign display, the area of the sign
        shall be the area of one (1) rectangular shape that encompasses the entire
        background or frame.

      3. For a sign comprised of individual letters, figures or elements on a wall or
        similar surface of a building or structure, or an irregular shaped ground
        sign, the area of the sign shall be the area of one (1) rectangular shape
        that encompasses the perimeter of all the elements in the display.
        1. 1. When separate elements are organized to form a single sign, but the
          elements are separated by open space, the area shall be the area of one
          (1) rectangular shape that comprises all the display areas, including the
          space between the elements.

        2. 2. One minor protrusion may be permitted to extend above or below the
          sign area when the area of the protrusion is less than 25% of the open
          space included in the sign area. For the purposes of this section, only
          the open space within the sign area that is located above and below the
          majority of the letters shall be included in the calculation. See Figure 1.
      4. For ground signs and projecting signs:
        1. 1. The sign area shall be computed by the measurement of one (1) of the
          faces when two (2) identical display faces are joined, are parallel or
          within 30 degrees of being parallel to each other and are at no point
          separated by a distance that exceeds two feet apart.
        2. 2. No more than two display faces shall be permitted.
        3. 3. The portion of a solid sign base that is mostly screened by
          landscaping, up to a maximum height of two (2) feet, shall not be
          calculated as sign area.

      5. Air under a ground sign between supporting posts, air between a
        projecting sign and the wall to which it is attached, and lighting fixtures
        and associated brackets shall not be included in the calculation of sign
        area. See Figure 2.
    2. Determining Sign Height. The height of a sign shall be measured from the
      average natural grade at the base of the sign or support structure to the tallest
      element of the calculated sign area. A ground sign on a man-made base,
      including a graded earth mound, shall be measured from the average site grade
      prior to the addition of the sign.

    3. Determining Building Frontage and Building Unit. For the purposes of these sign
      regulations, the length of the building wall that faces a public street or that
      contains a public entrance to the uses therein shall be considered the building
      frontage.
      1. The building frontage shall be measured along such building wall
        between the exterior faces of the exterior side walls.
      2. In the case of an irregular wall surface, a single straight line extended
        along such wall surface shall be used to measure the length.
      3. A building shall have only one building frontage except as otherwise set
        forth below.
      4. A building shall have two frontages whenever the lot fronts on two or more
        streets, or the building has a public entrance on a wall other than the wall
        that faces the street. The property owner shall determine which wall shall
        be the primary building frontage and which wall shall be the secondary
        building frontage. Only one outside wall of any business shall be
        considered its primary frontage and only one additional wall considered its
        secondary frontage.
      5. For multi-occupant buildings, the portion of a building that is owned or
        leased by a single occupant shall be considered a building unit. The
        building frontage for a building unit shall be measured from the centerline
        of the party walls defining the building unit.

    4. Determining Window Area. The window area of a building shall be the total
      glass area of windows on the building frontage. For the purposes of determining
      window area for ground floor occupants, the ground floor shall be considered to
      be no more than fifteen (15) feet in height above grade.

  4. Signs in Nonresidential Districts
    Signs in nonresidential districts (Districts 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) shall conform to the
    standards set forth in this subsection, except for residential uses which shall comply with
    the standards set forth in subsection 1207.17(e).
    1. Maximum Number and Area of Permanent Signs Attached to Buildings.
      Permanent signs attached to buildings shall conform to the maximum number and
      area limitations set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(1). In addition to the sign area
      permitted in Table 1207.17(d)(1), each building shall be permitted to display
      numerals indicating the building’s street address, provided the numerals and
      letters do not exceed 4 inches in height.


    2. Building Signs. The building sign permitted in Table 1207.17(d)(1) shall be
      either a wall sign, awning sign or window signs erected in compliance with the
      following additional regulations.
      1. Window Sign
        1. 1. Ground Floor Occupants. Notwithstanding the permitted number and
          area set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(1), window signs shall not exceed
          25 percent of the total glass area of the ground floor windows and shall
          comply with the design standards for signs set forth in Part V of the
          Architectural and Design Standards. An identical sign may be
          approved and displayed in more than one ground floor window at the
          same position of height and placement.
        2. 2. Upper Story Occupants. For a multi-story building, each occupant
          above the ground floor shall be permitted one permanent sign to be
          placed in a window of the occupant's space, not to exceed six (6)
          square feet or 25 percent of the area of the window in which the sign is
          placed, whichever is smaller. These signs shall be in addition to the
          maximum allowable area for building signs pursuant to Table
          1207.17(d)(1).

      2. Awning Signs. Awning signs may be permitted to extend over a public
        right-of-way provided such awning signs comply with the regulations of
        this Section.

      3. Corner Lots and Public Entrances Not Fronting a Street. The maximum
        allowable area for building signs set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(1) shall be
        the area allowed for the occupant’s primary frontage. In the event an
        occupant has a secondary frontage as defined in Section 1207.17(c)(3)
        additional sign area shall be permitted in compliance with the following:
        1. 1. The sign area for the secondary building frontage shall be 60 percent
          of the sign area permitted for the primary frontage.
        2. 2. The property owner may choose to locate the permitted building sign
          area on any exterior building wall provided the sign area on any one
          wall does not exceed the formula set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(1) and
          signs are attached to no more than two (2) exterior walls.

      4. Large Building Setbacks. The maximum allowable area for a building
        sign may be increased by 25% for each 100 feet or fraction thereof of
        building setback when the principal building is located more than 100
        feet from the principal street on which the building is located and the
        building is visible from the street, not to exceed 200% of the maximum
        allowable area.

      5. Illumination. Building signs shall be illuminated only in compliance
        with Section 1207.17(g).

    3. Projecting Signs
      1. Projecting signs shall be limited to occupants that have a minimum of 12
        feet of occupant frontage.
      2. All projecting signs shall have a maximum height of 14 feet and a
        minimum clearance of seven (7) feet from the ground to the bottom of
        the sign, except when the projecting sign is located above a landscaped
        area or other area that does not permit pedestrian traffic beneath the sign.
      3. A projecting sign may be permitted to extend into the street right-of-way
        provided such sign extends no closer than one (1) horizontal foot to the
        curb.
      4. Illumination. Projecting signs shall be illuminated only in compliance
        with Section 1207.17(g).

    4. Permanent Ground Signs. Permanent ground signs permitted in nonresidential
      districts shall comply with the following regulations:
      1. Maximum Number, Area and Height, Minimum Setback of Permanent
        Ground Signs. Permanent ground signs shall comply with the maximum
        number, area and height limitations and minimum setback from the street
        right-of-way set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(4).


      2. Additional Ground Signs. One additional primary ground sign shall be
        permitted for every 500 feet of street frontage or fraction thereof per lot
        greater than 500 feet. For corner lots, each street frontage shall be
        calculated separately. Ground signs on the same lot shall be separated by
        a minimum of 200 feet, as measured along the street right-of-way line.
        For corner lots, both sides of the intersection shall be used in measuring
        spacing.

      3. Minimum Sign Setback from Intersection. On corner lots, ground signs
        shall comply with the minimum sign setback from both streets right-ofway,
        as set forth in Table 1207.17(d)(4).

      4. Minimum Sign Setback from Side Lot Lines. Ground signs shall be
        located a minimum of 15 feet from any side lot line, except that when a
        side lot line coincides with a District 1, 2, 3, or 4 boundary line or a lot
        used for residential purposes, the minimum setback shall be 30 feet.

      5. Support Requirements. Ground signs that exceed two (2) square feet in
        area shall be erected with a minimum of two supporting posts or on a
        solid base.

      6. Landscaping. Ground signs shall be erected in a landscaped setting and
        not on sidewalks, drives or in parking lots. Neither the landscaping nor
        the ground sign shall obstruct the view of vehicles entering or exiting the
        property.

      7. Changeable Copy. Ground signs may have up to 30% of the sign area set
        forth in Table 1207.17(d)(4) devoted to changeable copy.
        1. The changeable copy shall not be changed more than once per day.
        2. Changeable copy may be either computer driven or manually changed.
        3. All changeable copy shall comply with the lettering style, lettering
          color, background color and all other elements approved by the
          AHBR. No alphabetic letter or number shall be used as a substitute for
          a different alphabetic letter or number or a different color of letter.

      8. Multi-Occupant Facilities. When a ground sign is permitted on a site that
        has more than one occupant, it is the property owner’s responsibility to
        determine if the sign area shall be devoted to identification of the
        building(s), the anchor occupant, all occupants, or some combination
        thereof.

      9. Illumination. Ground signs shall be illuminated only in compliance with
        Section 1207.17(g).

    5. Instructional Signs. Instructional signs that are clearly intended for instructional
      purposes shall be permitted as needed provided such signs comply with the
      following:
      1. The signs are not larger than necessary to serve the intended instructional
        purpose;
      2.  The number of instructional signs located on the site are the minimum
        needed to serve the intended instructional purpose;
      3. Lettering on the sign does not exceed two (2) inches in height; and
      4. The signs are not in a location and do not possess design characteristics
        that constitute or serve to attract attention beyond the perimeter of the
        site.

    6. Temporary Signs In Nonresidential Districts. The following regulations for
      temporary signs in nonresidential districts are in addition to the maximum sign
      area set forth in Tables 1207.17(d)(1) and 1207.17(d)(4).
      1. Temporary signs may be ground signs, window signs or banner signs.

      2. The total area of temporary window signs shall not exceed 25% of the
        total transparent glass area of the window in which the sign is placed.

      3. The total maximum number and area permitted for temporary ground
        signs and temporary banner signs shall be regulated based on the district
        in which the lot is located. Note: Pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(D)(1),
        only one side of a two-sided temporary sign is considered in calculating
        the maximum area of a two-sided sign.
        1. In Districts 5 a maximum of two (2) signs per parcel shall be permitted
          provided the total area of all temporary ground signs and temporary
          banner signs shall not exceed ten (10) square feet per parcel.
        2. In Districts 7, 9 and 10, a maximum of two (2) signs per parcel shall
          be permitted provided the total area of all temporary ground signs and
          temporary banner signs shall not exceed twenty (20) square feet per
          parcel.
        3. In Districts 6 and 8, a maximum of four (4) signs per parcel shall be
          permitted provided the total area of all temporary ground signs and
          temporary banner signs shall not exceed 32 square feet per parcel.

      4. Temporary ground signs shall have a maximum height of eight (8) feet
        and shall be located a minimum distance from the public right-of-way
        that is equal to the height of the sign.

      5. One temporary ground sign permitted in subsection 1207.17(d)(6)(C)
        may be erected for an unspecified time. All other temporary ground
        signs and temporary banner signs shall be permitted for a maximum of
        15 consecutive days, and not more than a total of 75 days per calendar
        year.

      6. Temporary signs that are erected in order to announce or advertise a
        specific event shall be removed within seven (7) days after the close of
        such event.

  5. Signs for Residential Uses and in Residential Districts
    Signs for all residential uses and for nonresidential uses in residential districts shall
    comply with the regulations set forth in this Subsection.
    1. Sign Standards. Signs for all residential uses and for nonresidential uses in residential
      districts shall be limited in number, area, height and setback based on the type of use, as
      set forth in Table 1207.17(e)(1).


    2. Supplemental Regulations for All Ground Signs.
      1. Ground signs that exceed two (2) square feet in area shall be erected with
        a minimum of two supporting posts or on a solid base.

      2. Ground signs shall be erected in a landscaped setting and not on
        sidewalks, drives or in parking lots.

      3. No part of a ground sign, the wall or entry feature on which a sign is
        mounted, or the landscaping shall obstruct the view of vehicles entering
        or exiting the property.

      4. For residential subdivisions, the ground sign shall have a maximum of
        two sign faces per entrance and be either a double-faced ground sign or 2
        single-sided sign faces attached to walls or entry features located one on
        each side of the street entrance.

      5. For nonresidential uses, one additional primary ground sign shall be
        permitted for every 500 feet of street frontage or fraction thereof per lot
        greater than 500 feet. For corner lots, each street frontage shall be
        calculated separately. Ground signs on the same lot shall be separated by
        a minimum of 200 feet, as measured along the street right-of-way line.
        For corner lots, both sides of the intersection shall be used in measuring
        spacing.

      6. For nonresidential uses, a maximum of 30% of the permitted ground sign
        area may be devoted to changeable copy.
        1. The changeable copy shall not be changed more than once per day.
        2. Changeable copy may be either computer driven or manually changed.
        3. All changeable copy shall comply with the lettering style, lettering
          color, background color and all other elements approved by the
          AHBR. No alphabetic letter or number shall be used as a substitute for
          a different alphabetic letter or number.

    3. Supplemental Regulations for Temporary Signs:
      1. Temporary signs for residential uses and temporary window signs for
        nonresidential uses permitted in Table 1207.17(e)(1) may be erected for
        an unspecified time.
      2. For nonresidential uses, one temporary ground sign that does not exceed
        ten (10) square feet per sign side may be erected for an unspecified time.
        All other temporary ground signs and temporary banner signs shall be
        permitted for a maximum of 15 consecutive days, not more than 75 days
        per calendar year.
      3. Notwithstanding subsections (A) and (B) above, vacant parcels in
        residential districts shall be permitted one temporary sign that may be
        erected for an unspecified time. The permitted sign area shall be ten (10)
        square feet for every 200 feet of lot frontage or fraction thereof, provided
        the sign shall not exceed 32 square feet.
      4. Temporary signs that are erected in order to announce or advertise a
        specific event shall be removed within seven (7) days after the close of
        such event.

    4. Illuminated Signs in Residential Districts. Permanent signs shall be permitted to
      be illuminated, provided such illumination complies with Section 1207.17(g).

    5. Instructional Signs. Instructional signs that are clearly intended for instructional
      purposes shall be permitted as needed on a lot in a residential district when the lot
      is devoted to a multi-family or nonresidential use provided such signs comply
      with the following:
      1. The signs are not larger than necessary to serve the intended instructional
        purpose;
      2. The number of instructional signs located on the site are the minimum
        needed to serve the intended instructional purpose;
      3. Lettering on the sign does not exceed two (2) inches in height; and
        The signs are not in a location and do not possess design characteristics
        that constitute or serve to attract attention beyond the perimeter of the
        site.

  6. Prohibited Signs
    All signs not expressly permitted in this Section shall be prohibited in the City. Such
    signs include but are not limited to the following:
    1. Roof Signs;

    2. Billboards;

    3. Flags intended for advertising or commercial purposes;

    4. Marquee signs;

    5. Electronic reader boards;

    6. Kiosk signs;

    7. No mobile signs shall be erected, constructed, displayed or maintained except
      those on licensed commercial delivery and service vehicles. Such vehicles shall
      not be parked in any district closer to the street than the front line of the principal
      building, unless the principal building has a rear parking area; in which case, all
      such vehicles shall not be parked closer to the street than the rear line of said
      building.

    8. Temporary directional signs, other than Municipal or emergency signs or those
      temporary signs as may be approved by City Council.

    9. Flashing, moving, inflatable, blinker, racer type, intermittent, rotating, moving or
      revolving signs, whirligig devices, tethered inflatable signs, pennants, ribbons,
      streamers, spinners, exposed light bulbs, and strings of lights not permanently
      mounted to a rigid background, and other similar types of attention-getting
      devices.

    10. The interior illumination of signs, except as expressly permitted in Subsection
      1207.17(g)(1)(B) and signs with characters, letters, figures, designs or outlines by
      electric lights or luminous tubes as part of the sign.

    11. Merchandise, equipment, products, vehicles or other items not themselves for sale
      and placed for attention getting, identification or advertising purposes.

    12. Permanent signs erected or attached to accessory structures.

  7. Sign Illumination, Construction and Maintenance Standards
    In addition to ensuring compliance with the numerical standards of these regulations, the
    AHBR shall consider the proposed sign according to the following standards:
    1. Illumination. Signs shall be permitted to be illuminated in compliance with the
      following:
      1. External Illumination: All signs that are permitted to be illuminated as
        enumerated in subsections (d) and (e) above shall be externally
        illuminated, except as otherwise permitted in subsection (B) below and
        the external illumination shall comply with the following:

        1.     Only direct lighting from an external source shall be used to illuminate
                 the sign.
        2.     The source of light shall not be visible from the street or adjacent
                 property.
        3.      No variances to this Subsection 1207.17(g)(1)(A) shall be sought or
                 granted.

      2. Internal Illumination:
        1.      Internal illumination of signs shall only be permitted for an
                 existing ground sign used by two or more occupants on a lot in
                 Districts 7 and 8 that fronts on Darrow Road provided the lot is
                 occupied by a legally permitted use(s) and the existing sign(s) for
                 the use(s) is internally illuminated on the effective date of this
                 provision, which effective date is September 4, 2002.

                 (i)     All existing internally illuminated ground signs described
                          in Subsection B(1) above shall be removed or comply with
                          Subsection 1207.17(g)(1)(A) when five years have elapsed
                          from the effective date of this provision as set forth in
                          Subsection 1207.17(g)(1)(B)(1).     
                 (ii)     Within said five-year period an occupant of the lot may be
                          permitted by the AHBR to replace an individual sign panel
                          in an existing internally illuminated ground sign described
                          in Subsection B(1) above, when the individual sign panel is
                          consistent in design with the existing type of sign(s). This
                          Subsection (ii) is, however, subject to the provisions of
                          Subsection (h) “Regulations for Nonconforming Signs”
                          below.

                2.      Internal illumination of signs shall be permitted for wall signs in
                         Districts 6 and 8 on buildings larger than 100,000 square feet of
                         gross floor area where the sign and the building wall it is attached
                         to are set back more distant than 500 feet from the nearest edge of
                         the public street or highway right-if-way to which the sign is
                         oriented. Generally, that orientation is the street or highway
                         frontage that is parallel to the wall with the sign. Where internal
                         illumination is permitted under this subpart 2, the illumination
                         shall be contained within individual letters, numbers and figures
                         and a box type of illumination is not permitted.

        C.      Signs shall not include animated, flashing, moving or intermittent
                  illumination in which any part of the message changes at a rate of more
                  than once per day.

        D.     Light shall not be from a colored light source.

        E.     All illumination shall be extinguished by 10 p.m. or at close of business,
                whichever is later.

        F.     No temporary sign shall be illuminated or have the potential to be
                illuminated.

        G.     See also Section 1207.14 “Exterior Lighting” for additional requirements
                as described in Items (c) “Lighting Levels” and (d) “Design Standards”.

    2.   Construction Standards.

               A.     The construction, erection, safety and maintenance of signs shall comply
                        with the Ohio Building Code.

               B.      Signs shall be structurally sound and located so as to pose no threat to
                        pedestrian or vehicular traffic.

               C.     Permanent signs shall be constructed and erected to withstand wind
                       pressures of at least 30 pounds per square foot of surface, and shall be
                       fastened, suspended or supported so that they will not be a menace to
                       persons or property.

               D.     Permanent signs shall be fabricated on and of materials that are of good
                       quality and good durability.

               E.     No sign shall be erected so as to project over and obstruct any window,
                      door, fire escape, balcony, platform, stairway, ladder, vent or other
                      means of ingress of any building.

               F.     No sign shall be attached to a utility pole, tree, trash receptacle, bench or
                       other structure not intended or approved as a sign support.

               G.     Temporary signs shall be durable and weather-resistant and fastened or
                        anchored sufficiently, whether attached to the building or positioned in
                        the ground.

               H.      No sign regulated by any of the provisions of this Section shall be
                        erected in the right-of-way, in proximity to railroad crossings, or at the
                        intersection of any streets in such a manner as to obstruct free and clear
                        vision; or at any location where, by reason of the position, shape, or
                        color, it may interfere with, obstruct the view of, or be confused with,
                        any authorized traffic sign signal or device as defined in the Manual of
                        Uniform Traffic Control Devices; or which makes use of the words
                        “STOP,” “LOOK,” “DANGER”, or any other word, phrase, symbol or
                        character in such a manner as to interfere with, mislead, or confuse
                        traffic.

                I.      No temporary sign shall have moveable lettering or lettering capable of
                        being moved or replaced.

         3.     Maintenance. All signs shall be maintained in accordance with the following:

                       A.     The property owner, occupant, or other person responsible for the sign
                                shall maintain the sign in a condition fit for the intended use and he or
                                she shall have a continuing obligation to comply with all building code
                                requirements.

                        B.     If the City Manager finds that any sign is unsafe, insecure, a menace to
                                the public; or constructed, erected, or maintained in violation of the
                                provisions of this Code, notice shall be given in writing by the City
                                Manager to the owner. The owner of the business shall, within 48 hours
                                of such notification, correct such unsafe condition or remove the sign. If
                                the correction has not been made within the 48 hours, the sign may be
                                removed or altered by the City to comply with these regulations at the
                                expense of the owner or occupant of the property upon which the sign is
                                located. The City Manager may cause any sign, which, in the City’s
                                opinion, creates a danger to persons or property to be removed
                                immediately and without notice.

                       C.      Whenever any sign, either conforming or nonconforming to these
                                regulations, is required to be removed for the purpose of repair,
                                refurbishing, or repainting, the same may be done without a permit or
                                any payment of fees provided that all of the following conditions are met:

                                1.    There shall be no alteration or remodeling to the sign face, lettering
                                       (except as otherwise permitted for changeable copy), sign base, sign
                                       support(s) or the mounting of the sign itself.
                                2.    There shall be no enlargement or increase in any of the dimensions of
                                       the sign or its structure.
                                3.    The sign shall be accessory to a legally permitted, conditional or
                                       nonconforming use.

                       D.     The City Manager may order any sign to be painted or refurbished
                               whenever needed to keep the sign in a neat and safe condition. All
                               supports, guys, braces and anchors for such signs shall be maintained in a
                               safe condition, and it shall be unlawful for the owners or person having
                               charge of such sign not to remove the same after receiving notice from
                               the City Manager.

                       E.     Any permanent sign which advertises a business no longer conducted on
                               the premises or fails to serve the purposes for which it was intended, or
                               evidences a lack of maintenance, shall be removed by the owner, agent,
                               or person having the beneficial use of the building, structure or land upon
                               which such sign is located, within ten (10) days after written notice by
                               the City Manager. Upon failure to comply with such notice within the
                               time specified in such order, the City Manager is hereby authorized to
                               cause removal of such sign, and any expense incident thereto shall be
                               paid by the owner of the property on which such sign is located. Any
                               temporary sign, found in violation of any part of this Section 1207.17
                               shall be removed immediately by the City Manager.

  (h)     Regulations for Nonconforming Signs

            (1)     Maintenance of Nonconforming Signs. Nonconforming signs shall be maintained
                     in good condition pursuant to Section 1207.17 and may continue until such sign is
                     required to be removed as set forth in this Section.

            (2)     Alteration, Relocation or Replacement of Nonconforming Signs. A
                     nonconforming sign shall not be structurally altered, relocated or replaced unless
                     it is brought into compliance with the provisions of this Section, except as
                     otherwise permitted in this Section.

            (3)     Reconstruction of Damaged Sign. If a sign face and/or its support is damaged to
                     the extent where the repair cost exceeds 50% of the replacement cost of the sign,
                     the sign shall be removed or brought into compliance with this Section. If the
                     repair costs do not exceed 50% of the replacement cost of the sign, the sign may
                     be repaired, subject to approval of consistency in design by the AHBR and
                     provided all repair work is completed within 60 days of the date the damage was
                     incurred.

            (4)     Termination. A legal nonconforming sign shall immediately lose it legal
                     nonconforming status, and therefore shall be brought into conformance with this
                     Section or removed, when any of the following occur:

                     (A)     The size or shape of the sign is changed; or 

                     (B)     The sign face (except otherwise permitted for changeable copy or the
                               ground signs described in Section 1207.17(g)(1)(B)) or sign structure is
                               altered; or

                     (C)     In addition to (A) and (B) above, all nonconforming internally
                               illuminated wall signs shall be removed and redesigned to comply with
                               Subsection 1207.17 (g)(1)(A) whenever one or more of the following
                               occur:
                               1.     The building is renovated or remodeled to the extent that more
                                       than 50% of the gross floor area is removed or replaced, or
                                       otherwise affected by renovation or remodeling; or
                               2.     The building is expanded and the total sign area permitted for the
                                       expanded building is more than 50% greater than the existing sign
                                       area; or
                               3.     There is a change in occupancy.

                     (D)     In addition to (A) and (B) above, all internally illuminated ground signs
                               shall be removed when five years have elapsed from the effective date of
                               this provision, which effective date is September 4, 2002.

            (5)     Historic Signs. The AHBR may grant exceptions to these standards whenever a
                     sign has been designated as a historic landmark pursuant to this Code.

   (i)     Administrative Provisions
            (1)     Compliance with this Section. No person shall erect, locate, move, alter, or
                     replace any sign or cause a sign to be located or maintained, unless all provisions
                     of this Section have been met.

             (2)    Signs Requiring a Zoning Certificate/Registration. To ensure compliance with
                     these regulations, a zoning certificate shall be obtained for all signs, unless
                     specifically exempted below. All temporary ground signs and banner signs
                     except ideological signs shall be registered with the Department of Community
                     Development. 

             (3)    Application Requirements.
                     (A)     An application for a zoning certificate shall be made to the City Manager
                               on the form provided and in the manner required.
                     (B)     When any person other than the owner of the property submits an
                               application, the owner of the property or a designated agent for the owner
                               shall also sign such application.

              (4)     Sign Review.
                     (A)     The AHBR shall review and act on applications for permanent signs that
                               exceed two (2) square feet, according to the standards set forth in this
                               Section and the review procedures for development plan review set forth
                               in Section 1203.
                     (B)     The City Manager shall review all temporary signs, except as otherwise
                               specifically exempted below.
                     (C)     The erection of the following signs shall not require a zoning certificate
                               provided that all applicable regulations of this Section are complied with:
                               (1)     Signplates for residential uses;
                               (2)     Temporary signs for dwelling units;
                               (3)     Temporary window signs;
                               (4)     Maintenance of existing signs in compliance with Section
                                        1207.17(g).

              (5)     Referral of Applications to the AHBR. The City Manager, upon receiving an
                       application, shall examine such plans, specifications and other data and the
                       premises upon which it is proposed to erect the sign or other advertising structure.
                       (A)     If it appears that the proposed sign is in compliance with this Section and
                                all other ordinances of the Municipality, the application shall be referred
                                to the AHBR, when its approval must be obtained before the zoning
                                certificate is issued.

                                1.     The AHBR has the discretion to waive the submission of any items as
                                        deemed appropriate.
                                2.     When approved by the AHBR, the application shall be returned to the
                                        City Manager, who shall issue the zoning certificate.
                                3.     If the work authorized under a zoning certificate has not been
                                        completed within six (6) months after the date of issuance, the permit
                                        shall City Manager shall not issue a zoning certificate in connection
                                        with any application referred to the AHBR for review unless the Board
                                        approves the same. The Board shall conduct such review as a matter
                                        over which it has original jurisdiction.