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Section 1205.06    District 3: Outer Village Residential Neighborhood

  1. Purpose
    District 3 is established to preserve and protect an existing community character
    typified by single-family detached residential housing developed at moderate
    densities averaging about 2 dwelling units per acre. Being relatively closer to the
    Village Core, neighborhoods in this district have greater accessibility and connection
    to the Village Core than residences in District 1. Existing single-family
    developments are characterized by traditional subdivision designs with curvilinear
    street patterns and some examples of open space dedications. Few potential
    development areas remain, and are constrained in many instances by the Brandywine
    Creek drainage corridor. District regulations are intended to continue the
    predominant single-family detached use, while providing for the addition of attached
    single family, duplexes, and townhomes, into the housing mix, as well as additional
    parks, open space, and trail/bikeway linkages to the Village Core. Additional uses
    include supporting institutional uses (such as churches and schools) and public
    service uses. Single-family detached residential housing densities will mirror
    existing densities and character, and be permitted up to a maximum of 2.5 dwelling
    units per acre. Protection of remaining sensitive environmental areas, including
    wellhead protection areas, will be a high priority.

  2. Uses By-Right
    1. Residential:
      1. Family day care homes, small (1-6 children).
      2. Residential group homes for up to five handicapped or elderly people.
      3. Single-family, detached.

    2. Agricultural:
      1. General agricultural operations on parcels of more than four (4) acres
        and do not involve the keeping of farm animals.

    3. Planned Developments:
      1. Residential planned developments, subject to standards and
        procedures set forth in Sections 1203.04 and 1204.02 of this Code.

    4. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Public park or recreation areas, including multipurpose trails.
      2. Public recreational facilities, indoor or outdoor.
      3. Essential public utility and public services installations, including bus
        shelters and bus stops, but not including water towers, power
        generating stations, transfer stations, or outdoor storage

    5. Accessory Uses: See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  3. Conditional Uses
    The following uses shall be conditionally permitted in District 3 subject to meeting
    all applicable requirements set forth in this section and Section 1206.02, "Conditional
    1. Residential:
      1. Assisted Living.
      2. Duplexes.
      3. Model Homes.
      4. Open Space Conservation Subdivisions.
      5. Residential group homes for the handicapped or elderly
        (from 6 to 8 people).
      6. Single-family, attached.
      7. Townhomes.

    2. Agricultural
      1. General agricultural operations.

    3. Commercial/Retail:
      1.  Bed and breakfast inns.
      2. Golf courses, private.
      3. Private-membership recreational facilities or clubs.

    4. Institutional/Civic/Public:
      1. Cemeteries.
      2. Continuing care retirement community
      3. Golf courses, public.
      4. Institutional residential for the handicapped or elderly (for 9 or more
      5. Places of religious worship, including churches and synagogues.
        Religious schools and day care centers may be permitted as accessory
        uses within the same structure as the principal conditional use.
      6. Public, nonprofit, or private cultural facilities including but not
        limited to libraries and museums.
      7. Public safety and emergency services, including police or fire stations
        and emergency medical services, provided the size of the building
        housing the facility or service shall not exceed 10,000 square feet.
      8. Schools, public or private -- preschool, elementary, secondary, or postsecondary.

    5. Accessory Uses:
      1. Oil and Gas Exploration and Extraction of lots of at least 20 acres in
        size under single ownership.
      2. Shared driveways for dwellings.
      3. See Section 1206.03, "Accessory Uses."

  4. Property Development/Design Standards
    In addition to compliance with all applicable standards set forth in Chapter 1207,
    "Zoning Development and Site Plan Standards," development in District 3 shall
    comply with all of the following development/design standards (all standards are
    minimums unless otherwise noted):

    1. Maximum Net Density:
      1. Single-Family Detached and Duplexes: 2.5 dwelling units per acre.
      2. Single-Family Attached: 4 dwelling units per acre.
      3. Townhomes: 5 dwelling units per acre.

    2. Open Space:
      In addition to compliance with the standards and requirements governing open space
      set forth in Section 1207.05 of this Code, developments in District 3 shall set aside a
      minimum of 25% of the gross land area for private open space.

    3. Minimum Lot Size:
      1. Residential Uses, Except Townhomes: 16,000 square feet, except
        that the minimum lot size may be reduced to 6,000 square feet if open
        space conservation lots are developed pursuant to the requirements
        set forth in Section 1207.06 of this Code.
      2. Townhomes: 2,500 square feet.
      3. Residential Uses (Except Townhomes) on Lots Fronting Arterial
        Roads: 1 acre.
      4. Non-Residential Uses: 2 acres.

    4. Minimum Lot Width:
      1. All Uses Except Single-Family Attached and Townhomes: 150 feet,
        except that minimum lot width may be reduced to 60 feet if open
        space conservation lots are developed pursuant to the requirements
        set forth in Section 1207.06 of this Code.
      2. Single-Family Attached: 48 feet.
      3. Townhomes: 24 feet.
      4. Lots Abutting Railroad Right-of-Way: In order to enable an increase
        in the rear yard setback and allow room for a landscaped buffer
        between the dwelling and the railroad right-of-way when a lot abuts
        and backs onto a railroad right-of-way, the minimum lot width may
        be reduced by not more than ten (10) percent provided the lot depth is
        at least two-hundred fifty (250) feet.

    5. Setbacks:
      1. Open Space Conservation Subdivisions: All residential Open Space
        Conservation Subdivisions shall comply with the setback and yard
        requirements set forth in Section 1207.06(e) of this Code.
      2. All Other DevelopmentsCCase-by-Case Determination:
        1. In order to provide for the maximum preservation of
          environmentally sensitive areas within District 3, building
          setbacks and yard requirements for all other developments in
          District 3 shall be determined on a case-by-case basis by the
          PC either during the subdivision approval process or during
          the site plan approval process.
        2. Except for development on lots that were 2 acres or larger as
          of the effective date of this Code, all determinations of
          setbacks and yard requirements shall use as a starting point
          the setbacks set forth in paragraphs (C)-(E) below, which
          may be modified pursuant to the conditions and criteria set
          forth in Section 1207.01, "Establishment of Maximum
          Impervious Surface Coverage."
        3. Residential development on lots of record that were 2 acres or
          larger in area as of the effective date of this Code shall use as
          a starting point the minimum setbacks for District 2 set forth
          in Section 1205.05 above.

      3. Minimum Front Yard Setbacks:
        1. Residential Uses: 50 feet, provided that averaging shall be
          required for residential uses. Except for new residential
          development on lots fronting arterial roads, the front setback
          shall not differ by more than ten (10) percent from the average
          of the front yard setbacks existing on the two properties
          immediately adjoining the subject property, unless approved
          by the Architectural and Historic Board of Review. If one or
          more of the adjoining properties is vacant, the front yard
          setback shall be fifty (50) feet.
        2. Non-Residential Uses: 75 feet.
        3. All Uses on Lots Fronting Arterial Roads: 100 feet, of which
          the front 50 feet shall comprise a bufferyard that shall be
          landscaped pursuant to Section 1207.04(k).

      4. Minimum Side Yard Setbacks:
        1. Principal Residential Structure: 15 feet.
        2. Principal Non-Residential Structure: 30 feet.
        3. Side-facing attached garage: 25 feet.
        4. All other accessory structures:15 feet.
        5. Residential Corner lots: 50 feet for street side not designated
          as "front."

      5. Minimum Rear Yard Setbacks:
        1. Principal Structure: 50 feet.
        2. Accessory Garage: 15 feet.
        3. Other Accessory Structure: 15 feet.

      6. Arterial Setbacks: See arterial setback and landscaping requirements
        in Section 1207.04(k), "Landscaping/Buffering."

    6. Maximum Number of Units per Structure:
      1. Attached Single-Family: 4 attached units per structure.
      2. Townhomes: 6 units per structure.

    7. Maximum Structure Height:
      1. Single-family Detached, Attached, and Duplexes : 35 feet.
      2. All other uses: 40 feet.

    8. Distance Between Residential Buildings
      Structures containing either single-family-attached, duplexes, or townhomes
      shall be separated from each other by a minimum of twenty (20) feet at their
      closest points.

    9. Building Siting and Orientation.
      The following building siting and orientation requirements shall apply to new
      development in District 3, except for new development with a front yard
      depth of 130 feet or more:
      1. Principal Residential StructuresCSingle-Family Detached and
        1. The main entrance(s) to the residence shall face the street.
        2. The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the
          street extended through the approximate center of the main
          mass, if the street is curved.
      2. Principal Residential StructuresCSingle-Family Attached/and
        1. The entrance to at least one dwelling unit within each
          building shall face the street. (See Figure 6.)
        2. The front wall of the principal structure, or the front wall of at
          least one principal structure in a multi-building development,
          shall be parallel to the street or perpendicular to a radius of
          the curve of the street extended through the approximate
          center of the main mass, if the street is curved.
      3. Principal Residential Structures on Corner Lots.
        1. In general, the structure shall face one of the streets and not
          the corner.
        2. One side of the structure shall be designated the Afront@ and
          shall be subject to the requirements set forth in paragraph (A)
      4. Private Garages.
        1. Doors of attached garages shall not face the street.
        2. Detached garages shall be located only in the rear yard.
        3. New development of a principal single family detached or
          attached dwelling shall provide space for the storage of at
          least two cars within an enclosed garage.
      5. Non-Residential Development.
        1. The main entrance to the principal structure shall face the
        2. The front wall of the principal structure shall be parallel to
          the street or perpendicular to a radius of the curve of the street
          extended through the approximate center of the main mass, if
          the street is curved.
        3. The main body of the principal structure shall be closest to
          the street.

    10. Pedestrian/Bicycle Pathways and Linkages:
      1. Provision shall be made in the design of all developments for nonvehicular
        circulation systems, including but not limited to sidewalks,
        pathways, and bikeways.
      2. Any amount of land set aside for trails in a development shall be
        credited toward either the public or private open space requirements
        set forth in this section and in Section 1207.05 of this Code.
      3. Sidewalks shall be provided on both sides of all streets in District 3,
        shall run parallel to the street within the right-of-way, and shall be
        separated from the curb by a planting strip of at least seven (7) feet in
      4. To the maximum extent feasible, provision shall be made in the
        design of developments for interconnections with existing or planned
        streets and pedestrian or bikeway systems on adjoining properties,
        unless the City determines that such interconnections would have
        adverse impacts on open spaces, wetlands, sensitive environmental
        areas, or other significant natural areas.

    11. Architecture and Design Standards
      See Architectural Design Guidelines located in Appendix D.

    12. Environmental Standards
      See Section 1207.08, "Wellhead Protection Area Standards."

    13. Bufferyard Requirements for Lots Abutting a Historic Landmark. New
      development on lots that abut a historic landmark shall establish a bufferyard
      equivalent to or greater than "Bufferyard C" as set forth in Section
      1207.04(g) of this Code. The bufferyard shall be established on the boundary
      that abuts the historic landmark.

    14. Driveway Curb Cuts.
      1. Lot widths of 150 feet or less: No more than 1 driveway curb cut per
      2. Lot widths of more than 150 feet: No more than 2 driveway curb cuts
        per lot.
      3. See Section 1207.13(c)(5) regarding limits on curb cuts to arterial and
        collector roads.

    15. Location of Parking. In addition to the off-street parking requirements set
      forth in Section 1207.12 of this Code, off-street parking shall be located to
      the side and rear of the principal building.